Problems and Solutions Essays

In the problems and solution IELTS essay, you have to discuss a minimum of two solutions to a given problem. These problems may be related to daily life.

  • Why did the rate of obesity increase and how can it be reduced?

    The number of people who are at risk of serious health problems due to being overweight is increasing. What is the reason for the growth in overweight people in society? How can this problem be solved?


    Obesity is a serious health issue that puts a person at risk for various illnesses. The problem has worsened over the past few decades, the main reason being the increased prevalence of desk jobs. I believe this issue can be addressed using public awareness campaigns.

    A significant development that happened as a result of the third industrial revolution is that desk jobs became the norm. Previously, a large majority of people were employed in the agricultural sector, which required a lot of physical effort. However, after the revolution, an increasing number of people took up jobs in the service sector, which is mainly done by sitting at a desk. This reduced the relevance of physical activity in people’s lives, contributing to a higher incidence of obesity.

    To overcome this problem, one solution is the launch of a public awareness campaign by the government that would help people realise just how dangerous an unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are. The campaign would emphasise that consuming excessive amounts of refined carbohydrates would result in obesity, which in turn causes health disorders such as diabetes and heart disease. It would also educate people on healthy habits that they should follow to avoid becoming overweight.

    In conclusion, a sedentary lifestyle has contributed to the higher rates of obesity in all countries. The problem can be addressed by the launch of an awareness campaign to inform people about the negative effects of consuming too many refined carbohydrates and the healthy habits to follow.

  • Protecting the environment is the government’s responsibility

    Some people say that protecting the environment is the government’s responsibility. Others believe that every individual should be responsible for it.

    Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

    Sample Answer

    People hold different views about whether the government should shoulder the responsibility of preserving the environment or whether each person is responsible. From my standpoint, it would be more beneficial if both the country’s authorities and individuals shared the responsibility.

    Arguably, the government may play a pivotal role in maintaining the environment’s safety and health. It is the authorities that should introduce the legislation to mitigate environmental problems, such as air pollution and more. To illustrate, some laws should encourage factories to move to the countryside rather than stay in the cities. It could help urban areas to be further protected from the poisonous fumes that are always discharged from firms. Another prominent role the government could play is creating TV programmes to educate citizens and persuade them to care more about nature. Individuals may endeavour to alter their ways to avoid harming the environment if they are informed of the consequences of their activities.

    On the other hand, it is undeniable that each person can play an important role in protecting their own neighbourhood. Cars are considered to be a major source of air pollution. Their exhaust gases, ranging from carbon dioxide to unburnt carbon, contaminate the air. Therefore, by using their own vehicles only in rare cases, people would be able to protect the environment. Another opportunity available to individuals is recycling. By stopping plastic waste from entering and contaminating waterways, people are able to conserve drinkable water and its inhabitants.

    In conclusion, due to the large amount of work involved, mobilising all the possible forces is a more sensible approach. Therefore, the joint efforts of both the governments and their citizens would likely result in the most effective way of preserving the environment.

  • The internet has transformed the way information is shared

    The following essay is a sample of the IELTS Essay on the internet and technology.

    The internet has transformed the way information is shared and consumed, but it has also created problems that did not exist before.

    What are the most severe problems associated with the internet, and what solutions can you suggest?

    Model Solution

    The internet has revolutionised communication and the exchange of information in the same way that the telegraph and television did before it. Nonetheless, civilizations have had to deal with unforeseen new challenges, such as crimes that old laws cannot prevent. This article will discuss some of the unlawful activities made possible by the internet and provide alternatives.

    Due to the worldwide nature of the internet, national laws are no longer sufficient to regulate online activity. Consider, for instance, constraints on legal reporting. In certain nations, it is illegal for the media to divulge information about a defendant’s history in order to ensure a fair trial. Such limitations are no longer enforceable. It appears that the only option is to embrace universal standards. Due to the international nature of the internet, information flow can only be regulated if all governments agree on what can and cannot be communicated.

    Another problem concerns anonymity, as internet users can easily conceal their identity and even impersonate others. Many crimes such as identity theft and child abuse result from the ease with which criminals can operate anonymously online. Some have proposed a system of online identification, similar to a passport, which would allow all internet users to be verified and traced. I believe this idea should be explored further, though there are clearly concerns about the security of those who use the internet to protest against oppressive regimes.

    In conclusion, the only long-term solution to the problem of internet crime is greater international cooperation. Since the problem is global in scale, the solution must also be global. There is a need for dedicated internet regulations.

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