Some schools are very strict about their school uniforms and the appearance of their pupils, while others have a very relaxed dress code.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of children having a school uniform?
Model Solution [IELTS Essay on School Uniforms]
Different schools have different rules regarding uniforms. Some schools require students to wear a particular uniform, while others permit students to wear any outfit with some rules. Although there are both advantages and disadvantages to this, I believe schools should not have a uniform, as it does not add to learning but is a problem for economically weaker parents.
The cost of uniforms is the primary issue. If schools have a particular uniform, students must spend extra money to buy it. Given that education is already so expensive, this is unnecessary. Moreover, this especially puts those from the lower-income groups at a disadvantage, as they are less able to afford uniforms than their well-off peers. As a result, they may have to take up a job in addition to their schoolwork to pay for this, adversely impacting their mental health and time availability for studies. Many children have to sacrifice education altogether because their parents cannot afford costly dresses and can hardly manage tuition fees.
However, it can be argued that school uniforms enforce discipline and foster a focused mind. If students are required to wear the same outfit every day, it allows them to focus on things other than the clothes they will be wearing for the day. It reduces the number of decisions they must make, allowing them to preserve their cognitive abilities for schoolwork. As a result, school uniforms may help improve focus and discipline among pupils. Secondly, it also fosters a message of equality as all students have to wear uniforms irrespective of their ethnic, regional or racial differences.
To sum up, the advantage of having uniforms is improved discipline and focus among students. However, not having a school uniform will reduce education expenses, which is especially beneficial for lower-income pupils. Overall, not having a strict requirement for uniforms will achieve the more crucial purpose of education.