Causes and Solutions Essays

In the causes and solutions essay, you need to provide and justify the underlying reasons behind some given problem and write relevant solutions.

  • The Causes and Solutions of People Getting Obese

    In some countries, the average weight of people is increasing, and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing. What do you think are the causes of these problems, and what measures can be taken to solve them?

    Sample Solution

    It has been noted that leading a healthy lifestyle and engaging in physical activity have declined recently, and individuals are becoming more obese in many different countries. A few elements contribute to this pattern, and prompt discussion of good alternatives is necessary to stop it. Further discussion will be had regarding both areas.

    When the causes are considered, excessive junk-food consumption comes out on top. This type of fast food has a lot of sugar, fat, and oil. People who regularly eat the meal become overweight as a result. food items like pizza, McDonald’s burgers, microwaveable meals, etc. Additionally, many who work for large international corporations lead inactive lifestyles. Moreover, less physical effort was required due to robotics and sophisticated technology development. It might be a result of living unhealthily. For instance, heart attack, high blood pressure, and obesity, among many more.

    Public awareness programs supported by the government could be one potential answer to this issue. An effective advertising campaign may highlight the risks of a poor diet and, with any luck, increase public awareness. To illustrate, recent efforts in the USA to encourage residents to consume five servings of fruits and vegetables each day resulted in a dramatic decline in obesity and disease. In addition, people need to pay attention to their health. They must begin participating in activities, which is an excellent cure. Jogging and walking, for instance, are preferable fitness activities for beginners.

    In conclusion, even though there are many potential causes, such as an excessive intake of fast food and a sedentary lifestyle, taking proactive measures like participating in sports and raising awareness through the campaign will help to significantly alleviate the issue.

  • What are the main causes of crimes? IELTS Essays on Crime

    In many countries, the amount of crime is increasing. What do you think are the main causes of crime? How can we deal with those causes? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

    Sample Solution

    Numerous countries have high rates of crime. The paucity of opportunity and the high expense of living are the main causes of crime, and they are the topic of this essay. However, by fostering employment prospects and reining in living expenses, these problems can be resolved.

    To start, as the number of educated people has increased, one of the main causes of crime is a lack of employment options. As a result, there are more criminals around, which increases the number of illicit acts that take place in society. In addition, the growing income inequality in society makes it tough for the general public, which in turn causes high inflation in the economy and social crime. For instance, in Bangladesh, 85% of the population earns less than the average per-person income of $300, which has an adverse effect on their standard of living.

    On the other hand, the government can reduce the shortage of employment prospects by luring in foreign capital. Large sums of money can be invested by these foreign businesses, which can lead to the creation of multiple jobs in a nation. Therefore, many countries make an effort to draw in foreign capital. The government must also limit living expenses, and this must be done in conjunction with unemployment assistance, which will help to lessen criminal activity. For instance, the low crime rate in the United Kingdom can be attributed to the hefty monthly allowance of $1,000 that unemployed persons are given.

    To sum up, when people are unable to pay their living expenses, illicit activities increase because there are not enough suitable job prospects. On the other side, foreign investments can affect employment growth to lower both recidivism rates and unemployment benefits among citizens.

  • What damage do Plastics do to the Environment?

    Plastic bags, plastic bottles, and plastic packaging are bad for the environment. What damage do plastics do to the environment?
    What can be done by the government and individuals to solve this problem?

    Model Solution – IELTS Essay on Plastics

    Plastic usage has become an issue of considerable worry for our planet. Plastic bags, bottles, and packaging are particularly damaging to the environment in the present day. The following paragraphs will discuss the negative effects of plastic on our planet and the steps that authorities and individuals can take to combat this problem.

    Due to plastic’s inability to decompose, it is associated with a vast array of disadvantages. Plastic bags discarded on highways and commingled with dirt are detrimental to the soil. This diminishes the land’s fertility and stunts the growth of trees and crops. Additionally, drinking water from plastic containers might be hazardous to one’s health. When these containers are exposed to direct sunlight, their microparticles are mixed with the liquid, which may cause cancer in the user. In addition, the majority of items are packaged in plastic containers. Numerous empty plastic packaging is thrown in rivers and oceans. It destroys the water and its people without a doubt. For example, the World Health Organization published research in 2021 stating that ocean species, particularly the Wale fish, struggle to live because of the abundance of millions of tonnes of plastic waste in the oceans. As a result, this will affect the ecology as a whole.

    For this issue to be resolved, the government and the general public must adopt strict measures together. Initially, the government must prohibit the use of plastic bags. These purses can be constructed from fabric. People could also push local merchants to embrace cotton or textile sacks. Second, the government must conduct an internet advertising campaign about the benefits of utilising glass and copper water bottles. Celebrities, influential YouTubers, and well-known motivational speakers must join this campaign since they can influence their followers and viewers. Thirdly, the government regulates the recycling of numerous roadside wrappers. Citizens also contribute to the organisation. For instance, households must place all plastic trash in recycle bins, and the government places adequate recycling bins along the roads to collect recyclable waste.

    In conclusion, plastic has made its way into everyday objects. It hurts our planet. Governments must establish rules and laws to lessen this chaos, and individuals contribute by adhering to these rules.

  • Many working people get little or no exercise

    Many working people get little or no exercise either during the working days or in their free time, and have health problems as a result.

    Why do many working people not to get enough exercise? What can be done about this problem?

    Model Solution [IELTS Essay on Exercise]

    It has been observed that a large population is so occupied with official work that they get no time for physical activities during weekdays; consequently, their health suffers. This essay will explore some of the causes of this trend and recommend some feasible solutions.

    One of the primary issues is that office workers primarily focus on completing their work tasks over the long term, leaving them too exhausted to exercise after work. Even if they have free time on the weekend or during the weekdays, they will only want to relax after a long week. This also leads to the second reason, which is that everyone enjoys social media platforms like TikTok and Facebook. After a long workday, most employees would rather stay in bed and use their phones instead of exercising because these apps relax and entertain them. Due to their lack of physical activity, employees have a high risk of developing obesity, backaches, and other strength problems.

    Consequently, one solution to this issue is to strike a balance between work and leisure. Each week, office workers must also organise a workout or yoga class. Some YouTube channels offer 5-minute or 10-minute training classes for them to practise at home if they are too busy. In addition, they can improve their health by taking the stairs instead of the elevators in their workplace.

    In conclusion, individuals must perform the exercise because it not only improves their fitness but also helps them focus on their work.

  • Many people today do not feel safe at home

    Many people today do not feel safe either at home or when they are out. What are the causes?
    What are the solutions?

    Model Solution

    A number of people have a sense of insecurity whether they sitting in their homes or going somewhere outside. The growing number of crimes and a sense of not belonging are major causes of this problem, and these can be solved using security measures and becoming more social.

    One of the most common causes of feeling unsafe is a crime. This can be both feeling unsafe at home, if one’s neighbourhood is prone to crime, or when out in public, if one is worried about being the victim of a crime. Another common cause of feeling unsafe is feeling like one does not belong. This can be due to many factors, such as feeling like an outsider in a new place or feeling like one does not fit in with a particular group of people. Several things can be done to help reduce this feeling of not belonging. For example, taking the time to get to know new people and places and trying to fit in with the local culture.

    While there are clearly some causes that are out of any individual’s control, there are also a number of solutions that can help to reduce the feeling of unsafe. By taking measures to reduce the risk of becoming a victim of crime, staying informed about the current security situation, and making an effort to fit in with the local culture, many people can help to reduce the feeling of being unsafe both at home and when out in public. Secondly, when going out taking a family member or friend can make a person more confident outside. So, it is advisable to accompany someone to a stranger place. Also, one should have a a more friendly attitude when dealing with someone outside their home.

    In conclusion, the increasing number of crimes and a sense of alienation are key contributors to this issue, which can be resolved by implementing security measures and being more social.

  • The obesity rate among teenagers has increased dramatically

    The obesity rate among teenagers has increased dramatically in many developed countries.
    Discuss some possible reasons for this problem and suggest solutions.

    Model Solution

    In recent years, the ever-increasing body fat levels in children may have been the most contentious issue, particularly in developed nations. Numerous reasons have contributed to this problem; nonetheless, it is possible to resolve the issue by employing efficient methods.

    There are two primary causes of the urban obesity problem, to begin with. First of all, the amount of sugar in beverages has risen dramatically; limited access to organic products or items has compelled people in rural regions to consume them to satisfy their hunger. In addition, young people’s busy schedules have caused them to choose fast or junk foods, such as baked goods, vending machine snacks, and instant noodles, which contribute to obesity and significant health concerns. For instance, rural regions in Indonesia prefer vehicles for transport and consume frozen foodstuff; however, locals do not have enough vehicles, so they walk and consume fresh meals, contributing to their pathological state.

    There are a lot of methods that might be considered to deal with this ever-changing problem. It is widely acknowledged that the government should establish a healthy food policy and encourage businesses to produce less sugary products. Moreover, parents must identify and address their children’s issues. In addition, they should be drawn to physical activity, resulting in a healthy body. They could prevent obesity by minimising sedentary activities such as watching television, videotapes, and playing computer games.

    In conclusion, despite the fact that adults prefer ready-made products and use vehicles to save time, this could not only lead to obesity but also harm their health. However, healthy eating habits, frequent physical activity, and reducing sedentary behaviour are appropriate strategies for combating obesity.

    Model Solution – Version 2

    The rate of adolescent obesity increases each year, particularly in industrialised nations, due to the use of processed foods and a sedentary lifestyle. The problem is spreading beyond the family and into the community. Therefore, this should be prioritised so that adolescents do not endure the effects of being overweight.

    First, the availability of inexpensive, fast food that is sometimes addictive, especially for this age group, is a contributing factor to the adolescent obesity epidemic. Often, parents forget this fact, and children have a hard time comprehending how growing weight may contribute to disease. Parents play a crucial part in teaching their children which foods to avoid and instilling in them the value of consuming fruits and vegetables rather than processed foods. For example, parents of teenagers who are enrolled in school should pack nutritious lunches so that their children are not tempted to purchase fast food.

    In addition, a sedentary lifestyle characterised by a preference for video games and television over outdoor activities is a significant contributor to adolescents’ obesity risk. According to a recent report by The Times, 80 per cent of adolescents prefer playing computer games with their pals over playing in the park. Due to these types of inactive activities, likely, their bodies will not be active because they are sitting on the sofa, and their metabolism will be slower; hence, they will be more likely to acquire weight. This time, the community organisation should organise enjoyable learning activities that involve the presence of gadget-loving teenagers. During the summer, for instance, they should give seminars on appropriate nutrition that include fun games to prevent teens from becoming bored while also educating them on the importance of staying fit to prevent obesity. In this way, people will realise that being obese will not only negatively impact their physical look, but also their mental, emotional, and psychological well-being.

    In conclusion, gaining weight should not be an issue if it does not double a teenager’s ideal body weight. However, to prevent this from occurring, parents and concerned community members should provide constant counselling so that this age group will always consider the repercussions of being obese.

  • The average weight of people is increasing

    In some countries, the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.

    What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures can be taken to solve them?

    Model Answer

    In certain nations, the average weight of the population is rising while their fitness level is falling. In this essay, the causes of this issue will be analysed, and pertinent answers will also be offered.

    Numerous factors contribute to both obesity and a lack of physical fitness. Increasing numbers of individuals are choosing for a sedentary lifestyle. For example, it is true that they have become workaholics; hence, they spend more time seated. In addition, they have limited free time, which they want to spend sleeping. Obesity is obviously caused by a lack of physical activity. As a result of the worst eating behaviour, more individuals likely to acquire weight. Evidently, excessive consumption of junk food results in fat storage, which poses health risks.

    On the basis of the rationale presented previously, exhaustive solutions have been developed. The first method is to devote a specific amount of time to exercise. Evidently, individuals should be responsible for maintaining healthy lifestyles, which will ultimately aid in fitness maintenance. The most effective remedy is a healthy diet. For instance, people should avoid processed foods and consume a healthy diet. The ultimate solution is increasing public knowledge through government health care campaigns and initiatives.

    In conclusion, a variety of factors have led to an increase in weight and a decline in physical fitness among the general population; therefore, In my opinion, steps such as devoting some time to exercise, avoiding junk food, and increasing health awareness must be taken to combat the alarming situation.

  • Women study science and technology but do not work in these fields

    In many parts of the world, women study science and technology but do not work in these fields. What measures can be taken to encourage women to work in science and technology?


    It has been observed that females take science and technology courses in a university; however, most of them choose not to work in those sectors. This essay will highlight potential steps in order to motivate women to work in technological sectors. This essay will discuss some solutions to overcome this issue.

    The first solution is to provide flexible working hours for women. Usually, females have many household chores to do; therefore, they are not able to work in such fields, which need too much attention and dedication as it can affect their work-life balance. Hence, giving them the choice of working hours, it will definitely improve their work-life balance.

    Secondly, although women join science and technology courses in a college, they are not able to gain practical knowledge, which is a rudimentary requirement of the workplace. In order to encourage females to work in those sectors, governments should make practical programs mandatory at the college level. As a result, having proper skills and practice knowledge will augment their chances of jobs in those sectors.

    Further, spreading awareness in societies can be helpful. Many people argue that science and technology jobs are not for women. Their mindset needs to awaken through campaigns. This can make societies aware of women’s capabilities to work in those sectors.

    In conclusion, even though the science and technology sectors are lacking women as employees, this problem can be alleviated by allowing them flexible working hours, providing workshop experiences and raising awareness.

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